Sex-hormone Producing Tumor
Sex-hormone producing adrenal tumors are rare tumors that make too much androgen (i.e. testosterone), estrogen, or both. These tumors are found in 2 out of every million people and can be either benign (adenomas) or malignant (adrenocortical cancer). Although smaller tumors are more likely to benign, while larger tumors are more likely to be malignant, the only way to determine if a sex-hormone producing tumor is cancer is if there is spread into nearby organs (i.e. local invasion), spread to distant sites like the lung and bone (i.e. metastases), or cancer that comes back (i.e. recurrence).